A feedstock for steam cracking to produce petrochemicals

Naphtha is an intermediate hydrocarbon liquid stream derived from the refining of crude oil. It is most usually desulfurized and then catalytically reformed, which re-arranges or re-structures the hydrocarbon molecules in the naphtha as well as breaking some of the molecules into smaller molecules to produce a high-octane component of gasoline. It is also used in the petrochemicals industry as feedstock to steam reformers and steam crackers for the production of hydrogen ethylene and other olefins.